Smartphones and Learning Research

Smartphone and Learning Inventory (SALI)


Hartley, K., Bendixen, L. D., Gianoutsos, D., & Shreve, E. (2020). The smartphone in self-regulated learning and student success: Clarifying relationships and testing an intervention. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 52.

Hartley, K., Bendixen, L. D., Olafson, L., Gianoutsos, D., & Shreve, E. (2020). Development of the smartphone and learning inventory: Measuring self-regulated use. Education and Information Technologies.

Hartley, K., Bendixen, L. D., Shreve, E., & Gianoutsos, D., (Under review). Smartphone use and new college students: Investigating relationships between type of use and self-regulatory skills.


Hartley, K., Bendixen, L. D., Shreve, E., Gianoutsos, D., & Olafson, L (2020, April). Smartphone Use and the Self-regulated Learner: Relationships Between Type of Use and Metacognitive Factors. Paper accepted for the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA. (cancelled).

Gianoutsos, D., Hartley, K., Shreve, E., Bendixen, L. D.,& Olafson, L (2020, February). Investigating undergraduate students’ relationships between self-regulated learning skills and the use of smartphones. Paper presented at the Conference for Academic Research in Education, Las Vegas, NV. 

Hartley, K., & Bendixen, L. D. (2019). Smartphones and Self-Regulated Learning: Opportunities and Challenges. In I.A. Sanchez, P. Isaias, P. Ravesteijn, & G. Ongena (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Mobile Learning 2019, 2019 149-152. Utrecht, Netherlands: IADIS Press.

Hartley, K., (2018, March). Smartphones and graduate education: The good, the bad, and the ugly. Presentation to the Western Association of Graduate Schools Annual Meeting.

Hartley, K., (2016, May). Implications of smartphones for higher education. Presentation to the Building Bridges Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus.


Hartley, K., Bendixen, L. D., Shreve, E., & Gianoutsos, D., (2020-2023). Harnessing the Smartphone in Support of Academic Achievement: Countering Distraction with Structured Goal Setting. Top Tier Doctoral Graduate Research Assistantship (TTDGRA) Program. University of Nevada, Las Vegas Graduate College. Funds one doctoral graduate assistantship. Approximately $22,000 per year for three years.